Most of the students need to borrow a student loan before they become a graduate as there are not adequate government grants for covering every college expenses. Since this loan debt is unavoidable, it is vital for students to know how the loan works.
Define Student Loan
A student loan is a borrowed fund that is taken and paid off over a time period. Apart from repayment of the borrowed amount, most of the borrowers need to pay a fee that is known as the interest. Student loans are used for paying college costs. It is available from different sources. Most loans are part of the federal government and come via the U.S Department of Education’s Federal Direct Loan program. Others are given by private loan providers like banks as well as other funding institutions, state government along with colleges. Usually students must take federal student loans initially as they are cheaper, more accessible and include better terms of repayment.
How Much Loan Can A Student Take?
The limit of a loan will be specifying the highest amount that can be borrowed. Some of the student loans will let you borrow the total college cost, lowered by the amount of any other student financial help. There are also some student loans that come with lower fixed yearly as well as cumulative limits for the loans. It might be a great debt as they are a future investment. But remember to borrow as much as you need rather than as much you can.
How To Avail The Money From Student Loan?
A federal student loan is sent to the college financial help office and the private one is sent to the college financial help office or even to the borrower. If the proceedings of the loan are collected by the financial help office, it will be applicable to your college’s tuition and fee charges and room along with board if a student resides in the home that is under the college’s control. Any amount of the loan that remains is refunded so that the students make payments for books, supplies as well as college related expenses.
How Will You Repay A Student Loan?
After graduation or dropping below the enrolment of half-time, the student will have to start to repay his student loan. Most of the loan providers will be offering a grace period of 6 months before the repayment of the loan will start.
The standard repayment of federal student loans will involve a repayment period of 10 year with equal loan payments every month. These types of loans will also provide the students with extended repayment term and will have a longer term for repayment of the loan. It also includes repayments based on earning of the graduate student that base the repayment every month on the discretionary earning of the borrower. Such plans of repayments will be lowering the monthly repayment and will increase the on-going federal student loan’s term.
The loan provider or lender will be sending a coupon book to the borrower before the repayment begins. The borrower needs to send every month’s repayment with the right coupon that the lender has sent. Some of the lenders are also seen to send statements to the borrowers rather than a coupon book. Borrowers are allowed to apply for auto-debit option, where each month’s repayment of the loan is transferred automatically from the bank account of the borrower to the loan provider. Some loan providers are there who offer the borrowers with a reduction in rate of interest of the loan in the form of incentive for applying for auto-debit as well as electronic billing.
What Will Happen If You Do Not Repay A Student Loan?
If a borrower fails to make repayment of a loan by the scheduled or due date, he will be considered as a defaulter. Late fees and penalties are charged by many lenders to these borrowers. Borrowers who are too much late with their loan repayment suppose for 360 days on a federal student loan and 120 days on private student loans, then the borrower will become a defaulter. For instance, collection charge till 20% will get deducted from each payment after a borrower becomes a defaulter on a federal student loan. The government can also seize till 15% of the wages of the borrower and stop refunds of federal as well as state income tax. Social security as well as federal payments may also get garnished. Sometime loan providers are also seen to put a lien on a property that you own. You will also lose eligibility for extra financial help along with some programs such as deferment, change of repayment plans, forbearance and student loans forgiveness.
So before taking a student loan, you must have a proper idea on its terms and conditions. Once you are well aware of it, then only apply and avail it.